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Ramsar Sites of India 2024

Ramsar Sites of India 2024

Ramsar Convention on Wetlands

The Ramsar Convention on Wetlands is an international treaty for “the conservation and sustainable use of wetlands”. It is also known as the Convention on Wetlands.
It is named after the city of Ramsar in Iran where it was signed on 2nd of February 1971.
The 2nd of February each year is World Wetlands Day.
The number of parties to the convention (COP) is 172 (as of Nov 2023).
At the centre of the Ramsar philosophy is the “wise use” of wetlands.
Wise use: maintenance of ecological character within the context of sustainable development.

Ramsar Site

When a country accedes to the Convention, it must designate at least one wetland as a Wetland of International Importance.
The inclusion of a “Ramsar Site” in the List embodies the government’s commitment to take the steps necessary to ensure that its ecological character is maintained.
There are over 2,400 Ramsar Sites covering 2.5 million sq km on the territories of 172 Ramsar Contracting Parties across the world.

List of Ramsar Sites of India [80 Ramsar Sites in India as of Feb 2024]

Ramsar SiteStateDesignated YearArea (km2)
Kolleru LakeAndhra Pradesh2002901
Deepor BeelAssam200240
Kanwar (Kabar) TaalBihar202026.2
Nanda LakeGoa20220.42
Khijadia WLSGujarat20216
Nalsarovar BSGujarat2012123
Thol LakeGujarat20216.99
Wadhvana WetlandGujarat202110.38
Bhindawas WLSHaryana20214.11
Sultanpur NPHaryana2021142.5
Chandra TaalHimachal Pradesh20050.49
Pong Dam LakeHimachal Pradesh2002156.62
Renuka LakeHimachal Pradesh20050.2
Ranganathituu BSKarnataka20225.18
Ashtamudi WetlandKerala2002614
Sasthamkotta LakeKerala20023.73
Vembanad-Kol Wetland (Longest Lake in India)Kerala19051512.5
Bhoj WetlandMadhya Pradesh200232
Sakhya SagarMadhya Pradesh20222.48
Sirpur wetlandMadhya Pradesh20221.61
Yashwant SagarMadhya Pradesh20228.22
Lonar Lake (Impact Crater Lake)Maharashtra20204.27
Nandur MadhameshwarMaharashtra201914
Thane CreekMaharashtra202265.21
Loktak LakeManipur1990266
Pala WetlandMizoram202118.5
Ansupa LakeOdisha20212.31
Bhitarkanika MangrovesOdisha2002650
Chilika Lake (Oldest Ramsar Site in India)Odisha19811165
Hirakud ReservoirOdisha2021654
Satkosia GorgeOdisha2021981.97
Tampara LakeOdisha20213
Beas CnRPunjab201964
Harike WetlandPunjab199041
Kanjli WetlandPunjab20021.83
Keshopur-Miani CmRPunjab201934
Nangal WLSPunjab20191
Ropar WetlandPunjab200213.65
Keoladeo National ParkRajasthan198128.73
Sambhar LakeRajasthan1990240
Chitrangudi BSTamil Nadu20212.6
Gulf of Mannar Marine BRTamil Nadu2022526.72
Kanjirankulam BSTamil Nadu20220.96
Karikili BSTamil Nadu20220.584
Koonthankulam BSTamil Nadu20210.72
Pallikaranai Marsh Reserve ForestTamil Nadu202212.475
Pichavaram MangroveTamil Nadu202214.786
Point Calimere WLS & BSTamil Nadu2002385
Suchindram Theroor Wetland ComplexTamil Nadu20220.94
Udhayamarthandapuram BSTamil Nadu20220.44
Vaduvur BSTamil Nadu20221.12
Vedanthangal BSTamil Nadu20220.4
Vellode BSTamil Nadu20220.77
Vembannur Wetland ComplexTamil Nadu20220.2
Rudrasagar LakeTripura20052.4
Hokera WetlandUT of JK200513.75
Hygam Wetland CnRUT of JK20228.02
Shallbugh Wetland CnRUT of JK202216.75
Surinsar-Mansar LakesUT of JK20053.5
Wular LakeUT of JK1990189
Tso Kar (High Altitude Ramsar Site)UT of Ladakh202095.77
Tsomoriri (High Altitude Ramsar Site)UT of Ladakh2002120
Bakhira WLSUttar Pradesh202128.94
Haiderpur WetlandUttar Pradesh202169
Nawabganj BSUttar Pradesh20192
Parvati Arga BSUttar Pradesh20197
Saman BSUttar Pradesh20195
Samaspur BSUttar Pradesh20198
Sandi BSUttar Pradesh20193
Sarsai Nawar JheelUttar Pradesh20192
Sur Sarovar (Keetham Lake)Uttar Pradesh20204.31
Upper Ganga River (Brijghat to Narora)Uttar Pradesh2005265.9
Asan BarrageUttarakhand20204.44
East Kolkata WetlandsWest Bengal2002125
Sundarban Wetland (Largest Ramsar Site in India)West Bengal20194230 ha
Ankasamudra Bird Conservation ReserveKarnataka202498.6 ha
Aghanashini Estuary 20244801 ha
Magadi Kere Conservation ReserveKarnataka202454.38 ha
Karaivetti Bird sanctuaryTamil Nadu2024453.72 ha
Longwood Shola Reserve ForestTamil Nadu2024116.007 ha

Tamil Nadu have maximum number of Ramsar Sites followed by Uttar Pradesh (10 sites).

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